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JAMA Citation Guide

Elements used in Citing Journal Articles

Citations for journal articles should include the following basic information. If the article does not have one of these elements, skip it.

  • Authors' last names and initials
  • Title of article and subtitle (if any)
  • Abbreviated name of journal
  • Year
  • Volume number
  • Part or supplement number (if it would help to find the journal article gain), and issue month or number when there is insequential page numbers
  • Page numbers
  • URL (Electronic articles onle)
  • Accessed date (Electronic articles only)
  • DOI (Electronic articles only)

Each element is followed by a period.

Citation Tip!

Please note: AMA style requires the use of standard abbreviations for all references, when applicable. Abbreviations for many common medical journals can be found in the AMA Manual of Style (pp.473-479). Additional abbreviations can be searched in the PubMed Journal Database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals).

Example: New England Journal of Medicine -----> N Engl J Med

Based on AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed., 2007

Electronic Articles from Online Journals

Based on AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed., 2009 (online)


Please Note: The preferred citation style for an electronic journal uses a DOI (digital object identifier). The DOI provides a persistent link to the electronic item and is considered to be more stable than a URL. If the DOI is not given on the full text article or in the citation, use a DOI Lookup Tool (http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/) to locate it or use the format for an electronic article without a DOI.

ELECTRONIC ARTICLES FROM ONLINE JOURNALS WITH DOI AVAILABLE

(when using a DOI, no access date or URL is needed)
Author(s) last name, initial of first and middle name. Title of article. Name of journal in italics. Year;vol(issue):pages. doi:xx.xxxx.
Morrison G, Van Langenberg DR, Gibson SJ, Gibson PR. Chronic pain in,inflammatory bowel disease: characteristics and associations of a,hospital-based cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013;19(6):1210-1217. doi:10.1097/MIB.0b013e318280e729
 
ELECTRONIC ARTICLES FROM ONLINE JOURNALS WITHOUT DOI AVAILABLE

 
Author(s) last name, initial of first and middle name. Name of Journal. Year;vol(issue);pages. URL. Published date. Updated date. Accessed date.
Thomas JL. Helpful or harmful? Potential effects of exercise on select inflammatory conditions. Phys Sportsmed. 2013;41(4):93-100. https://physsportsmed.org/psm.2013.11.2040. Accessed November 22, 2013.

Epub Ahead of Print Electronic Articles

Based on AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed., 2009 (online)


Please Note: The preferred citation style for an electronic journal uses a DOI (digital object identifier). The DOI provides a persistent link to the electronic item and is considered to be more stable than a URL. If the DOI is not given on the full text article or in the citation, use a DOI Lookup Tool (http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/) to locate it or use the format for an electronic article without a DOI.

Epub AHEAD OF PRINT ELECTRONIC ARTICLES FROM ONLINE JOURNALS WITH DOI AVAILABLE

(when using a DOI, no access date or URL is needed)
Author(s) last name, initial of first and middle name. Title of article [published online ahead of print (add date)]. Name of journal in italics. Year;vol(issue):pages. doi:xx.xxxx.
Morrison G, Van Langenberg DR, Gibson SJ, Gibson PR. Chronic pain in inflammatory bowel disease: characteristics and associations of a hospital-based cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013;19(6):1210-1217. doi:10.1097/MIB.0b013e318280e729
 
Epub AHEAD OF PRINT ELECTRONIC ARTICLES FROM ONLINE JOURNALS WITHOUT DOI AVAILABLE

 
Author(s) last name, initial of first and middle name.Title of article [published online ahead of print (add date)]. Name of journal in italics. Year;vol(issue):pages. URL. Published Date. Updated Date. Accessed Date.
Klintwall L, Eldevik S, Eikeseth S. Narrowing,the gap: Effects of intervention on developmental trajectories in autism [published online ahead of print November 8 2013]. Autism. http://aut.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/11/07/1362361313510067.long. 2013. Accessed November 8, 2013.

Citing Print Articles in Journals

ONE AUTHOR

(do not include issue number or month unless volumes are not consecutively numbered)
Author last name, initial of first and middle name. Article title. Journal title in italics. Month Year;Volume(Issue):Inclusive page numbers.
Steward DL. Effectiveness of multilevel (tongue and palate) radiofrequency tissue ablation for patients with obstructive sleep apnea,syndrome. Laryngoscope. 2004;114(12):2073-2084
MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR

(list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by “et al”)
Author(s) last names, initial of first and middle names. Article title. Journal title in italics. Month Year;Volume(Issue):Inclusive page numbers.
Klintwall L, Eldevik S, Eikeseth S. Narrowing,the gap: Effects of intervention on developmental trajectories in autism [published online ahead of print November 8 2013]. Autism. http://aut.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/11/07/1362361313510067.long. 2013. Accessed November 8, 2013.

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